India at a glance

Language

India's two official languages are Hindi and English. International business is conducted in English, and foreigners will not typically be expected to speak or understand the local language. The Constitution of India recognizes 22 languages, spoken in different parts of the country. In South India, the majority of people speak Telugu, Kannada, or Malayalam.

Emory offers language instruction in Hindi and is investing in the study of Telugu culture, literature, and history.

Calendar

The entire country observes Indian Standard Time (IST), which is UTC+5:30. IST is eleven and a half hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (ten and a half hours ahead during Daylight Savings Time). India does not observe daylight savings time or other seasonal adjustments.

Climate

India typically experiences a hot, wet monsoon period from around mid-June through September. Flooding during this time can frequently cause travel disruptions in the north and north-eastern part of the country. From October to February, the weather is typically cool and dry. Temperatures rise from March through the middle of June, with conditions dry, but humid.

The climate varies significantly with the country’s geography. Maximum temperatures in Delhi reach 21°C (70°F) in January and 45°C (113°F) in July. Maximum temperatures in Mumbai are 31°C (88°F) in January and 36°C (97°F) in July. The southern part of the country is usually hot and humid all year. In the northern and northeast parts of India, temperatures can reach freezing during the coldest months. Mountainous areas receive sustained winter snowfall.

Economy

India has a diverse economy comprised of modern industries, a wide range of services, modern agriculture, traditional farming, and handicrafts. While just under half of the work force is in agriculture, services are the major source of economic growth. With a large educated English-speaking population, India has become a major exporter of services, including those related to software and information technology. India is classified as a newly industrialized country and is one of the G-20 major economies.

More info

While this guide strives to present as much information as possible to enable the Emory community to better conduct research, service, and training programs in India, it is not comprehensive.

For additional information regarding business, logistic, or infrastructure services in India, contact Christine Rapalje, director of global services.